This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. Many of the terms now include phoneticized Sanskrit (Skt) as well as two forms of Tibetan—the phonetic version (Tib), which is a guide to pronunciation, and transliteration using the Wylie method (Wyl). Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below.
Glossary terms for "T"
Roasted barley flour; a Tibetan staple food.
A print of a buddha’s image made in clay or plaster from a carved mold.
The title given to master debating partners of the Dalai Lama.
Literally, gathering—a gathering of offering substances and a gathering of disciples to make the offering.
Founder of the Gelug tradition of Tibetan Buddhism and revitalizer of many sutra and tantra lineages and the monastic tradition in Tibet.
A region in Nepal, where Geshe Lama Konchog (and his reincarnation) was born.
A reincarnated lama; one who through the mind of bodhicitta can choose where to be reborn in order to best serve all sentient beings. The title given to such a lama in most Tibetan traditions. (In the Gelug tradition the term used is Rinpoche.)
The Joyous Land. There are two Tushita realms. One is the pure land of the thousand buddhas of this eon, where the future buddha, Maitreya, and Lama Tsongkhapa reside. The other is the abode of one of the six divisions of desire realm gods (Tib: död lha rig drug; Wyl: 'dod lha rigs drug). See also the six abodes of the desire realm gods.
The twelve deeds that Guru Shakyamuni Buddha and all buddhas perform. They are : descending from Tushita Heaven, entering his mother's womb, birth, studying arts and handicrafts, enjoying life in the palace, renunciation, undertaking ascetic practices, going to Bodhgaya, defeating the negative forces (Mara), attaining enlightenment, turning the wheel of Dharma, entering parinirvana.
Also called the twelve dependent-related limbs or branches; the twelve steps in the evolution of cyclic existence: 1) ignorance; 2) karmic formation; 3) consciousness; 4) name and form; 5) sensory fields; 6) contact; 7) feelings; 8) craving; 9) grasping; 10) becoming (existence); 11) birth; 12) and aging and death. This is Shakyamuni Buddha’s explanation of how delusion and karma bind sentient beings to samsara, causing them to be reborn into suffering again and again; depicted pictorially in the Wheel of Life.
The various visions that a person sees at the time of death, due to the winds (subtle energies) absorbing into the central channel. They are: the four elements, the five aggregates, the six sense sources, the five external sense objects and the five base-time transcendental wisdoms.
Also called the two collections or two types of merit, they are: the merit of virtue, which develops the method side of the path by practicing generosity and so forth, and the merit of (transcendental) wisdom, which develops the wisdom side of the path by meditation on emptiness and so forth. See also merit.
Eternalism, seeing things as having an intrinsic reality, and nihilism, seeing things as having no reality at all.
Deluded mental states that block the attainment of liberation and enlightenment. They are: the grosser kind, called disturbing-thought obscurations or obscurations to liberation, and the subtle obscurations, the imprints left when those are purified, called obscurations to knowledge or obscurations to enlightenment.