This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. Many of the terms now include phoneticized Sanskrit (Skt) as well as two forms of Tibetan—the phonetic version (Tib), which is a guide to pronunciation, and transliteration using the Wylie method (Wyl). Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below. Please see our Content Disclaimer regarding English terms in LYWA publications that may be outdated and should be considered in context.

Glossary terms for "J"

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z


Rose-apple Land; dzam bu ling (Tib); ‘dzam bu gling (Wyl)

Of the four continents surrounding Mount Meru in Buddhist cosmology, this is the southern continent where human beings live. The other three continents are Godaniya in the west; Kuru in the north and Videha in the east.

Jangchub Ö

Nephew of Lha Lama Yeshe Ö, the king who first wished Atisha to come to Tibet to regenerate the Dharma. When his uncle died, Jangchub Ö sent emissaries to India and brought Atisha to Tibet.

Jangtse Chöje Lobsang Tenzin Rinpoche (b. 1934)

A foremost scholar and tantric practitioner from Sera Je Monastery and former abbot of Gyüme Tantric College. Since then Rinpoche has taught extensively in India and the West. In 2017 he was appointed by His Holiness the Dalai Lama as the 104th Gaden Tripa, the head of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism.

Jataka Tales

The volumes of stories, mostly in the Pali Canon, but also within the Sanskrit and Tibetan texts, that relate to the lives of Shakyamuni Buddha before he became enlightened. The tales generally hold a strong moral lesson.

jenang (Tib)

rjes snang (Wyl)

A ceremony that allows the disciple to recite a mantra and practice a sadhana, but is not considered a full initiation.

Jinpa, Geshe Thupten (b. 1958)

The principal English translator of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, a learned scholar, translator and editor of many books including the Library of Tibetan Classics titles The Book of Kadam and Mind Training.

jnanakaya (Skt)

wisdom body; ye she ku (Tib); ye shes sku (Wyl)

Also known as the wisdom dharma body (Skt: jnanadharmakaya, Tib: yeshe chö ku, Wyl: ye shes chos sku). The omniscient mind of a buddha, which is the wisdom aspect of the truth body, or dharmakaya. The emptiness of the truth body is the svabhavikakaya (nature body).


The main temple in Lhasa, Tibet.

jorchö (Tib)

sbyor chos (Wyl)

The six preparatory practices that prepare the mind for lamrim meditation.