This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. Many of the terms now include phoneticized Sanskrit (Skt) as well as two forms of Tibetan—the phonetic version (Tib), which is a guide to pronunciation, and transliteration using the Wylie method (Wyl). Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below.

Glossary terms for "D"

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z

divine pride

lhe ngargyäl (Tib); lha'i nga rgyal (Wyl)

The non-deluded pride in deity yoga practice, where the appearance of oneself as the deity is held, as an antidote to ordinary appearance. See generation stage.

dob dob (Tib)

ldob ldob (Wyl)

A monk within the Gelug monasteries in Tibet who had less interest in studying and more in worldly matters such as appearance, sport and fighting. Dob dobs usually did much of the manual labor, as well as cooking, serving tea in assemblies and caring for elderly monks.

Doga, Geshe (b. 1935)

Resident teacher for more than thirty years at Tara Institute, the FPMT center in Melbourne, Australia.

Domo Geshe Rinpoche (d. 1936)

A famous ascetic meditator in his early life who later established monastic communities in the Tibet-Nepal border area and in Darjeeling; the guru of Lama Govinda, who wrote The Way of the White Clouds.

dorje (Tib)

vajra (Skt); rdo rje (Wyl)

The magical weapon of the Vedic god Indra, made of metal and very sharp and hard; adamantine. A thunderbolt. A tantric implement symbolizing method (compassion or bliss), held in the right hand (the male side), usually in conjunction with a bell, which symbolizes wisdom and is held in the left hand (the female side).

Drepung Monastery

The largest of the three major Gelugpa monasteries; founded near Lhasa by one of Lama Tsongkhapa's disciples. Now re-established in exile in south India.

Drogön Tsangpa Gyare (1161–1211)

The Kagyü lama, a disciple of Lingrepa, who was the founder of a branch of the Drukpa Kagyü and of many monasteries, including in Bhutan.


bindu, tilaka(Skt); tig le, jang sem (Tib)

Subtle substances that permeate the body, caused by the coalescing of the mind and its accompanying wind at certain parts of the body. Said to have originated from the original white drop from the father and the red drop from the mother, drops are an important element in Vajrayana practice.

drubkhang (Tib)

sgrub khang (Wyl)

Attaining house, a place where a meditation practice or retreat is done; so called because here attainments can be achieved.

dualistic view

The ignorant view characteristic of the unenlightened mind in which all things are falsely conceived to have concrete self-existence. To such a view, the appearance of an object is mixed with the false image of its being independent or self-existent, thereby leading to further dualistic views concerning subject and object, self and other, this and that, etc.

dukkha (Pali)

dukha (Skt); dugngäl (Tib); sdug bsngal (Wyl)

Suffering, the term used by the Buddha in the sutra Setting the Wheel of Dharma in Motion (Pali: Dammacakkappavattana-sutta), also known as the Four Noble Truths Sutra; often translated as dissatisfaction. See also the four noble truths.

dzogchen (Tib)

rdzogs chen (Wyl)

Literally "Great Perfection", the practice to attain the mind's natural, primordial state.