This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. The glossary includes English, Sanskrit and Tibetan terms. The list of terms is expanding and new listings are added regularly. Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box, or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below.

Spirits, usually described in Tibetan Buddhism as blood-drinking, flesh-eating cannibals, but in other forms of Buddhism they can be either malevolent or benevolent.

A guardian of the hell realm.

The Lord of Death, seen on the Wheel of Life.

Male meditational deity from the father tantra class of Highest Yoga Tantra.

Literally, vehicle; a spiritual path that takes you from where you are to where you want to be. See also Hinayana, Mahayana, etc.

Transcendental Wisdom Star-Arrow, a deity used in water offering practices.

Born and educated in Tibet, he fled to India, where he met his chief disciple, Lama Zopa Rinpoche. They began teaching Westerners at Kopan Monastery in1969 and founded the Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT) in 1975.

Literally, "mind-bound." One's own personal, main—or, as Lama Yeshe used to say, favorite—deity for tantric practice. The deity with which you have the strongest connection.

Literally, to yoke. The spiritual discipline to which we yoke ourselves in order to achieve enlightenment.

The third of four classes of Buddhist tantra, literally meaning "union" due to the increased emphasis on internal activities compared with the previous two tantras.

Branch of Madhyamaka-Svatantrika School; its followers assert a coarse selflessness of phenomena that is the same as the Cittamatrins' subtle selflessness of phenomena—the lack of difference in entity between subject and object.

A highly realized meditator.

A measure of distance used in ancient India, said to be somewhere between 6 and 15 km (4 to 9 miles).

Literally, "mother"; female consort of a male tantric deity (the "father"-yab), as in Yum Dorje Nyem-ma Karmo, the consort of Heruka Vajrasattva.

The female consort of the male tantric deity Heruka Vajrasattva.