This glossary contains an alphabetical list of Buddhist terms that you may find on this website. Many of the terms now include phoneticized Sanskrit (Skt) as well as two forms of Tibetan—the phonetic version (Tib), which is a guide to pronunciation, and transliteration using the Wylie method (Wyl). Search for the term you want by entering it in the search box or browse through the listing by clicking on the letters below.

Glossary terms for "O"

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z

object-determining mental factors

vishayapratiniyama-chaitta (Skt); sem jung yul nge (Tib); sems byung yul nges (Wyl)

One of the six groups of mental factors, these accompany all virtuous minds and their function is to ascertain the object. There are five: aspiration, belief, mindfulness, stabilization, and wisdom.

omnipresent mental factors

sarvatraga-chaitta (Skt); sem jung kun dro (Tib); sems byung kun ‘gro (Wyl)

One of the six groups of mental factors, these accompany every main mind. There are five: feeling, discrimination, intention, mental engagement and contact.

oral transmission

lung (Tib); rlung (Wyl)

The verbal transmission of a teaching, meditation practice or mantra from guru to disciple, the guru having received the transmission in an unbroken lineage from the original source. Note that wind disease has the same Tibetan transliteration, lung, but the pronunciation is slightly different.


ur gyän (Tib); u rgyan (Wyl)

Also known as Urgyän or Oddiyana, the place in Pakistan, generally thought to be in Swat Valley, where Shakyamuni Buddha manifested as Chakrasamvara to reveal the Chakrasamvara teachings.

outer being

shi pa (Tib)

A person who relies on non-Buddhist philosophies and external phenomena as sources of happiness, as opposed to an inner being (Tib: nang pa) or Buddhist who relies on the teachings of the Buddha.