Illuminating the Path to Enlightenment
Produced by the Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive for Thubten Dhargye Ling Publications, Long Beach, California.
About one thousand years ago, the great Indian pandit and yogi, Dipamkara Shrijnana (Atisha), was invited to Tibet to re-establish the Buddhadharma, which had been suppressed and corrupted for almost two centuries. One of Atisha's main accomplishments in Tibet was his writing of the seminal text, A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment, in which he extracted the essence of all 84,000 teachings of the Buddha and organized them into a clear, step-like arrangement that makes it easy for any individual practitioner to understand and practice the Dharma. This genre of teachings is known as lam-rim, or steps of the path, and forms an essential part of every school of Tibetan Buddhism.
In this book, His Holiness the Dalai Lama gives a commentary to not only Atisha's revolutionary work but also to Lines of Experience, a short text written by Lama Tsongkhapa, who was perhaps the greatest of all Tibetan lam-rim authors. In bringing together Atisha, Lama Tsongkhapa and His Holiness the Dalai Lama, this book offers readers one of the clearest and most authoritative expositions of the Tibetan Buddhist path ever published, and it is recommended for those at the beginning of the path, the middle and the end. This is the first time a major teaching by the Dalai Lama has been published for free distribution.
- Illuminating the Path to Enlightenment: Foreword
- Illuminating the Path to Enlightenment: Prologue
- Chapter One: General Introduction
- Chapter Two: Features of the Lam-Rim Teachings
- Chapter Three: Relying on a Spiritual Teacher
- Chapter Four: Becoming inspired to practice Dharma
- Chapter Five: Refuge, Karma and Precepts
- Chapter Six: Seeking freedom from cyclic existence
- Chapter Seven: Cultivating the altruistic intention of Bodhicitta
- Chapter Eight: The ceremony for generating Bodhicitta
- Chapter Nine: Bodhisattva outlook and action
- Chapter Ten: The Perfection of Wisdom
- Appendix 1: A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment
- Appendix 2: Lines of Experience
- Illuminating the Path to Enlightenment: Notes
Illuminating the Path to Enlightenment: Foreword
We at Thubten Dhargye Ling are very happy for the opportunity to present His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s lam-rim teachings in book form. Due to changing times and circumstances, more and more people in the West are taking a serious interest in Buddhism, or Dharma. It is for this reason that when His Holiness visited Los Angeles in 1997 to teach on Nagarjuna’s Precious Garland, I requested that he return in 2000 to give a teaching on the lam-rim. His Holiness accepted this request very happily. I did not ask for His Holiness to teach a specific lam-rim text, but out of his deep insight and altruism, he decided to combine two lam-rim texts—Atisha’s Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment and Lama Tsongkhapa’s concise lam-rim, Lines of Experience.
Buddhism originated from its founding teacher, Shakyamuni Buddha, who gave 84,000 forms of teaching. Lam-rim means “stages of the path to enlightenment.” It was the great Indian master, Atisha, who wrote the first lam-rim text, Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment, which condenses all 84,000 teachings into a single body of work. Atisha wrote this text in Tibet at the request of a Tibetan king. He then sent the text to India, where all the great realized scholars and mahasiddhas received it with praise and appreciation. It must be due to the good fortune and merit of the Tibetan people, they said, that Atisha had composed such a wonderful text.
Atisha’s lam-rim text is very brief but extremely profound, and Lama Tsongkhapa knew that without some further explanation, many people would not be able to understand everything that it contained. Taking Atisha’s lam-rim as the root text, Lama Tsongkhapa elucidated the teachings in three different versions: the Great Lam-rim, the Middling Lam-rim and the Short Lam-rim.
I believe that His Holiness the Dalai Lama has very deep reasons for giving these lam-rim teachings. Many of us wish to practice the tantric path with the sincere hope of achieving complete enlightenment as soon as possible. For us to become completely enlightened through the practice of tantra, however, there are some essential preliminaries that we need to practice first. To be truly qualified to practice tantra, we need to cultivate the three principal paths—renunciation, bodhicitta (the altruistic mind of enlightenment) and the wisdom realizing emptiness. The lam-rim teachings cover all these subjects in great detail.
If we cannot achieve realization of these paths before engaging in tantra, we should at least have familiarized our mind with them and gained some experience in their practice. In this respect, the lam-rim teachings are indispensable guides. We find explanations of the three principal paths throughout all the Buddha’s teachings but what the lam-rim does is to present them in a manner that is relatively easy to comprehend and practice.
Whenever His Holiness the Dalai Lama gives a public teaching, he p resents the text in a ve ry skillful way that meets the needs of people and practitioners at all levels. This lam-rim teaching is no exception. It is my belief that by reading the profound yet easy to follow commentary in this publication, many practitioners will receive tremendous benefit. Because of the depth of His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s spiritual experiences and realizations, as well as his skillful methods and infinite compassion and wisdom, his teachings are unsurpassed by any other. In order to preserve these invaluable teachings, not only for the present generation but for all future ones, we at Thubten Dhargye Ling are making every effort to ensure that they are a vailable to the public in the form of videotapes, audiotapes and books.
I would very much like to encourage readers to read this lam-rim commentary over and over again. With each reading and contemplation, you will gain deeper insight into these teachings and find better ways to apply them to your own mental development. In Buddhism, we talk about cultivating three types of wisdom; those arising through listening to teachings, contemplating their meaning and meditating on the ascertained meaning.
These three types of wisdom have to arise sequentially in our mind stream. Through listening to teachings, we gain understanding; through contemplation, we deepen this understanding; through meditation, we apply the teachings to ourselves—in other words, we engage in the practice. We are very fortunate to have this wonderful human life and the opportunity to study and practice these teachings. We should make our best efforts , therefore, to follow the Dharma so that we will experience the benefits not only in this lifetime but also in many future lifetimes—and not just for ourselves but for other sentient beings as well.
We at Thubten Dhargye Ling hope that through contemplating and meditating on these teachings, readers will gain great spiritual benefit. We hope that this publication will facilitate greater intimacy with the three principal paths of renunciation, altruism and the wisdom of emptiness. May we all be able to cultivate these paths within our own minds.
We dedicate the virtue arising from this publication to the long life of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and all other great spiritual masters who uphold the pure teachings of the Buddha for the benefit of others.
May this world be free of sickness, starvation, warfare and weapons of mass destruction. May we all be able to accumulate the necessary facilities for our own well-being and for the attainment of peace in the world, and may we develop the ability to extend our affection and love beyond ourselves so that we can all learn to help and care for one another better.—Geshe Tsultim Gyeltsen
Spiritual Master and Director
Thubten Dhargye Ling, Tibetan Monastery
Long Beach, California, USA